Energy Efficiency of Road Networks and Vehicles: Measurement, Pricing, Regional and Environmental Effects
Call: Thalis: Enhancement of the interdisciplinary research and innovation with the likelihood of approaching high level researchers from abroad by conducting basic and applied research. (Ministry of Education, Lifelong Learning and Religious Affairs, Special Management Service of Business Program “Education & Lifelong Learning”)
Project Duration: 3 Years (2012 -2015)
Website: (under construction)
The overall aim of this research project is to measure the energy efficiency of transport networks in order to provide a solid framework for assessing roads, routes and vehicles and, in addition, to introduce energy-driven pricing mechanisms and energy-aware decision support. Our research effort covers a major gap in existing literature by assembling an interdisciplinary team of researchers, spanning economics, electrical engineering, transportation science and operations research. This broad spectrum of disciplines is imposed by both the inherent complexity of the research topic and its anticipated scientific and practical impact. The former arises from the related literature that remains limited, despite the constantly increasing significance of energy efficiency in transport; that is, energy efficiency is a multi-faceted field requiring real measurement of energy consumption, accurate forecasting of road conditions, appropriate definition of energy-related productivity indices, novel pricing mechanisms and the redesign of algorithms for network optimization (i.e., paths, flows and vehicle routes). The latter is implied by the increasing public awareness regarding energy and environmental issues and also by the fact that energy efficiency already affects the value chain for several industries, commercial products and public goods.
To achieve this aim, this project can be schematically thought of as comprising three tiers, namely the lower tier of capturing and measuring energy consumption and road congestion, the middle tier of energy-aware network optimization and forecasting and the upper tier of energy-based productivity analysis for road and vehicles; several additional topics are examined, including the energy-driven pricing of road and vehicles, the regional effects of different energy-efficiency metrics and of pricing itself.